Yarn Weights: What Do Those Terms Mean?

Yarn Weights: What Do Those Terms Mean?

If you do any crafting with yarn, you have probably seen the weights listed on the label, or seen a pattern that calls for a specific yarn weight.  Those terms can be confusing if you have never encountered them before.  A yarn weight is simply a way of measuring the size of the yarn, which is necessary for determining proper gauge in knitting or crochet projects, and gives us a universal way to classify all types of yarn.

When you look on a package, you should see an icon indicating the weight.  It will look like a skein of yarn with a number in it.  The following list shows you the types of yarn you can expect in each category.

0. Lace
Fingering and 10-count crochet thread are considered lace weights.  This is the finest type of yarn available and is for delicate projects. 

1. Super Fine
Sock, fingering and baby weights fall under the Super Fine category.  These yarns make delicate baby clothes, socks and other dainty items.

2. Fine
Sport and baby weights are part of the Fine category.  These are smaller weights designed for total flexibility and comfort.

3. Light
DK and light worsted are examples of Light yarns.  These yarns are suitable for very lightweight garments.

4. Medium
Worsted, afghan and aran weights are Medium yarns.  This is the most common category, suitable for most basic knitting projects.

5. Bulky
Chunky, craft and rug weights are Bulky yarns.  Thick, scrumptious scarves, cushy rugs and other thicker items can be made with these yarns.

6. Super Bulky
Bulky and roving yarns fall under this category.

Each type of yarn will have a specific gauge, which means how many knit or crochet stitches you will get per inch with the size of yarn you have.  Follow the gauge instructions on the package to get just the right size needles.